Research is an important tool for establishing the effectiveness of any intervention. Our models are relatively new and are "research informed" and based on cutting-edge neuroscience. We are also pleased to note that there continues to be a growing body of promising research and evaluations from various sources indicating that our two models have a positive impact on communities world-wide.  There are randomized control trials being conducted on the Community Resiliency Model® at Emory University, Claremont Graduate University, Loma Linda University and the University of Hamburg.




A Case for Using Biologically-Based Mental Health Intervention in Post-Earthquake China

Laurie Leitch & Elaine Miller-Karas (2009)

"Over 98% of the respondents to these items reported being moderately to very satisfied with TRM training, as well as with TRM skills as a tool for self-care and for use with survivors....the majority of trainees (79.9%) said it would help them relieve or reduce symptoms, such as emotional issues, trauma, stress, lack of confidence, and pain/discomfort..."

Somatic Experiencing Treatment with Social Service Workers Following Huricanes Katrina and Rita

Laurie Leitch, Jan Vanslyke, and Marisa Allen (2009)

"The suggest that SE/TRM was effective in attenuating the observed emergence of PTSD symptoms and promoted resiliency. Although both groups showed an increase in psychological distress at follow-up, the SE/TRM treatment group reported significantly less severe psychological distress and increased resiliency, relative to the comparison group (whose resiliency scores had reversed at follow-up)."


Program Evaluations/Surveys


Community Resiliency Model Evaluation, California Mental Health Services Act

Elaine Miller-Karas & Stephanie Citron (2013)

"...statistically significant decreases in the average number of depression, hostility, anxiety, and somatic symptoms and statistically significant increases in the average number of symptoms related to relaxed, contented, somatic well-being, and friendly indicators."

Community Resiliency Model Evaluation, Veteran Extension Project, California Mental Health Services Act

Elaine Miller-Karas & Stephanie Citron (2013)

"The largest improvements are related to participants’ ability to self regulate emotions of agitation, anger, impulsivity, with proclivity towards self-medication through substances...3-6 months after the training...over 90% of the respondents either completely or somewhat agreed that the CRM skills were useful in managing stress (100%), having better self control (94%), and helping get through hard times (91%)."

Trauma Resiliency Model (TRM) Analysis: Trauma Resiliency Model (TRM) Survey Results; conducted by the County of San Bernardino Department of Behavioral Health

Mariann Ruffalo, MBA (2012)

"Over 83% of the respondents use the TRM techniques they learned. 76.5% of the respondents use the TRM techniques at work. Interestingly, 61% us the TRM techniques outside of work...When the respondents were asked if they found TRM useful, 91% responded yes."

Haiti Earthquake Relief Project’s Training Evaluation Report

Agathe Jean Baptiste (2010)

"A high percentage (around 70 per cent) uses [the TRM skills] within their organization, and with their family and their friends. More than half use the skills in camps where they live or in the camps where their organizations work..."
Haitian participant: "I use the skills with people with insomnia, anxiety, pain etc…. the results are very good."